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Conduction is a process that transfers heat from a hotter object to a cooler object. Fluids and atoms mediate this process. It occurs whenever an object is hotter than it is cold. The process can be very complex, but it is easy to understand once you understand the fundamentals.

## Transfer of energy from a hotter to a colder object

Conduction transfers energy from a hotter object to a colder one through physical contact. When two objects are in contact, their molecules vibrate more rapidly than the others. This causes the hotter object to become warmer while the colder object becomes colder.

In this experiment, students will use a tissue paper prism to demonstrate the energy transfer between two objects. They will place the tissue paper on top of an aluminum pie tin and light the triangle edges. As the flames travel down the prism, they lift the tissue paper, while the hotter object will float down. The tin will then catch the floating paper. Once complete, students can explain the energy transfer in terms of both the rising and falling motions.

Conduction is also a common example of the transfer of energy. A metal rod in a fireplace can get very hot, but when you place your hand on it, the energy will move through the metal rod to the colder end. Eventually, the entire rod will be at the same temperature. This is why gloves are important when handling hot metal objects.

When the temperature of two objects gets close to each other, the air temperature moves upward. This process occurs because of conduction. This transfer of energy is also called convection. The energy transfer between two objects can also occur through electromagnetic radiation, such as light. All objects are capable of absorbing heat and transferring it to other objects.

## Transfer of energy by atoms

Conduction is a process in which energy from one substance is transferred to another. The motion of atoms depends on the amount of energy added and removed, so the temperature of a substance changes according to the energy transferred. Atoms that move faster transfer energy to those that move slower. As a result, the hotter substance will become cooler, and the colder one will become warmer.

The conduction process is important because it involves energy transfer between two objects. The speed of the transfer will depend on the temperature differences. Generally, collisions on a surface transfer energy from high-to-low regions. Hence, the lower-temperature molecule receives more energy from a collision than its higher-temperature counterpart.

This process is a very common process that involves the transfer of energy. It happens in a variety of ways, including through direct contact. It can also involve electric, heat, or ionic conduction. Solids are better conductors of energy than fluids and gases because their molecules are closer together and have fixed positions. Liquids, on the other hand, are poor conductors due to their weak bonds.

To illustrate the concept of conduction, students can create a molecular model that shows the movement of atoms and molecules in water. They can also create a spoon model showing how the speed of atoms and molecules changes as they move faster. This activity may help students recall that faster motion leads to further separation. However, this feature is not the main focus of the activity. Students can draw molecular models to emphasize one feature over another.

## Transfer of energy by fluids

Conduction is the transfer of energy by fluid between two objects, typically a gas or a solid. A fluid’s molecules have more freedom of motion than solids, so they tend to collide with one another less. This property helps explain how heat travels from one place to another. A solid’s temperature gradient also affects heat conduction.

Conduction is an important process in heat transfer because it can move heat or electricity from one place to another. It can occur between solids, liquids, and gases. The process doesn’t require the materials to be in close contact with one another but does require the objects to be nearby.

In general, the most efficient heat transfer method is through convection. This method occurs when parts of fluid are heated while others remain cooler. As a result, heat is more evenly distributed. For example, the attic in a house is always warm, while the basement is usually cool. This is because the air becomes lighter when heated and falls to the floor when it gets cold.

Heat is transferred through a variety of methods, including radiation and conduction. Radiation, however, is the most common. For example, a metal spoon handle in the kitchen will radiate heat faster than a plastic spoon handle, but conduction works oppositely. A metal spoon handle will become hotter if placed over a pot of boiling liquid.