Orsk River in Russia and Kazakhstan


Orsk, with its long and storied past, boasts many architectural landmarks and an eclectic culture. Orsk’s metallurgical, machine building and chemical industries have provided economic stimulus for regional development while simultaneously contributing to Russia’s industrial advancement.

Orsk offers its visitors lush forests, peaceful lakes, and breathtaking mountains, perfect for outdoor enthusiasts. Additionally, Orsk’s Local Lore Museum serves as an invaluable source of learning about its history.


The Orsk River runs along the borders of Russia and Kazakhstan, marking Europe and Asia with its waters. As one of Russia and Kazakhstan’s key waterways, it serves both goods transportation and people transportation needs. Furthermore, this river contains numerous archaeological sites, from ancient settlements to graveyards, that hold great scientific value.

The Volga River begins its journey at its source in Bashkortostan’s western Ural Mountains before following its eastern flank south toward Magnitogorsk and Orenburg, taking an abrupt left turn near Uralsk before turning west and then east before reaching Oral, Kazakhstan, for its mouth in the Caspian Sea.

As its path continues, the river divides into multiple arms and flows through various landscapes. At times, its bottom was rockier in its upper reaches with pebbles scattered about, while silt sand could be found further downstream; additionally, lower stretch areas possess an unusually high concentration of phosphate-rich sediments.

Small and Big Kizil, Tanalyk, Sakmara, Yelshanka, and Zazhivnaya are some of the river’s tributaries. Chagan River flows directly from Common Syrt, forms several lakes known as Iriklinsk reservoirs, and is fed by numerous watery meadows such as Rubezhka. By the 1930s, the construction of large industrial enterprises drawing their resources from this rich soil had begun.


The Ural River passes through Orsk, Sol-Iletsk, and Aqtobe (alternative spellings: Aktobe or Aktyubinsk) before entering the Caspian Sea at Aqtobe. Along this course are numerous meanders and oxbow lakes, and it eventually meets up with the Urals Mountains in their southern extent before discharging into the Caspian.

Industrial Orsk is home to the Orenburg State Institute of Management, various schools and colleges, a branch of the Russian Academy of Arts, the State Drama Theater, and an archeological museum. There are forty archeological monuments, including ancient settlements and single/mass grave sites. High-resolution Depth Range Shading highlights nearby obstructions at a safe depth 1. Use this feature to avoid shallow waters.


Orsk experiences wide fluctuations in temperature throughout the year. July sees temperatures reach regularly above +20 degC (68 degF), while temperatures in January drop as far as below -29 degC (12 degF). Unfortunately, however, Orsk water temperatures are currently too cold to support swimming but have shown gradual improvements over time.

Wet days are defined as any days with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation, though their prevalence varies throughout the year. March 31 to November 10 marks the “wet season”, when 14% or more days were wet on average; on average 2.7 wet days occurred during February; it was by far the driest month during this timeframe.

Humidity levels fluctuate throughout the year, becoming most comfortable in summer and least so in winter. Local topography, climate conditions, and other factors often determine humidity levels at any one location; instantaneous measurements may differ significantly from their hourly values.

Orsk sees wind speeds and directions fluctuate throughout the year, with maximum levels being seen during the first half. On average, winds blow from south to north, with northwest breeze being the dominant one.


This river derives its name from its starting point near the Urals, which separates Europe and Asia. Initially flowing north-south across Russia and western Kazakhstan past Orsk and Magnitogorsk before cutting westward through the southern end of Urals to meet the Chagan River near Oral and enter the Caspian Sea at Atyrau via lowland semidesert landscape containing numerous lakes, ducts, and excellent spring maximum and being utilized hydroelectric power production; dam and power station is located at Iriklinsky.

Orsk’s primary industries are nonferrous metallurgy, machine building, and petrochemistry. There are forty archeological monuments on its territory, ranging from ancient settlements and burial mounds to grave sites from as early as the 7th-6th centuries BC in Kumak. Furthermore, Orsk is famed for its variegated jasper deposit at Mount Polkovnik, which was excavated within city limits. This stone, revered for its unique designs and colors (except blue), can also be found.

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